A British native, very upright suckering shrub, with good autumn colour and reddish stems in winter, Dogwood is often seen wild on the chalky soils of S.E. England. In fact it will grow in almost any soil, and is particularly useful for damp sites. A good wildlife plant, it can be used in mixed wildlife hedges and makes an effective barrier along watersides where there is public access.
Site and soil
Any soil or situation. Very hardy. Will cope well on coastal sites.
Height and spread
Below are the approximate stages of growth, assuming sited in suitable conditions for this species;
After 10 years: 3m x 2.5m After 20 years: 3m x 2.5m
Leaf and bark
Ovate mid-green leaves turning red in autumn before leaf fall. The smooth bark is tinged with red – the colour is more pronounced on younger stems.
Flower, seed and fruit
The hermaphrodite flowers are borne in flat clusters in June and July and followed by small blue-black berries in autumn.
Mixed hedges, woodland, landscaping, gardens. Forms a good natural barrier along watersides where public safety could be an issue. The straight stems are very strong and have been used for skewers, tool handles, shuttles for looms and arrows as well as for basket-work. An oil from the berries has been used for lamps.
The flowers attract insects and the berries are eaten by birds. The Case-bearer Moth feeds on the leaves.
The main reasons for buying protection is to protect the plants against:
When it comes to deciding what protection to choose the golden rule is to choose the product dependent on which pest you are protecting against. The below will help you in deciding what height of protection you will need.
Vole, Mice 20cm
Roe Deer, Muntjac 1.20m
Fallow Deer 1.50m
Pest & Minimum Protection Height
Protection Type Where more than one size is listed, the wider diameter protection is recommended for taller, bushier plants.
Support Required Taller support is recommended for use in sandier, lighter soils and wider/stronger support should be used at exposed sites.