A handsome, fast-growing tree, with attractive sharply pointed leaves which turn deep golden yellow in autumn. At first sight the Norway Maple is often mistaken for Sycamore, but it is a far superior tree. Native to most of Europe, but not Britain, it is commonly planted as a specimen tree and in shelter-belts all over the country. The acid-green flowers are a very striking feature, opening in large clusters in March before the leaves.
Site and soil
A tough plant doing well on most sites, including acid soils. Good in exposed areas and copes well with pollution.
Height and spread
Below are the approximate stages of growth, assuming sited in suitable conditions for this species;
After 10 years: 8m x 4m After 20 years: 13m x 7m
Leaf and bark
The Norway Maple has elegant 3-5-lobed leaves, each lobe ending in a fine point. They are shiny and dark green, turning to a rich golden yellow in autumn. The stems exude a milky sap when damaged. The bark is greyish-brown with criss-crossing grooves.
Flower, seed and fruit
The flowers are held in conspicuous upright clusters of acid yellow-green and open in March before the leaves. They are followed by winged seeds which sometimes turn red in summer.
Specimen tree, avenues, shelter-belts, planting on dry, exposed sites. A sugar can be made from the sap in spring. The wood is used for veneers and in cabinet making and to make small items like bowls and spoons.
Insects are attracted by the pollen in early spring.
The main reasons for buying protection is to protect the plants against:
When it comes to deciding what protection to choose the golden rule is to choose the product dependent on which pest you are protecting against. The below will help you in deciding what height of protection you will need.
Vole, Mice 20cm
Roe Deer, Muntjac 1.20m
Fallow Deer 1.50m
Pest & Minimum Protection Height
Protection Type Where more than one size is listed, the wider diameter protection is recommended for taller, bushier plants.
Support Required Taller support is recommended for use in sandier, lighter soils and wider/stronger support should be used at exposed sites.