Also known as the Caucasian Fir, this is the tree which is often seen at Christmas-time as a more expensive alternative to the Norway Spruce. It is becoming ever more popular as a Christmas tree because it has luxuriant foliage with attractive flattened leaves which don’t shrivel and drop in heated rooms. It makes a large, handsome tree, fast-growing after the first few years, and is often planted to replace the disease-prone Silver Fir.
Site and soil
The Nordmann Fir requires deep, moist soil in full sun, although it does best if given a little shade in its early years. It does well at high altitudes.
Height and spread
After 10 years: 8m x 3m After 20 years: 15m x 4m
Leaf and bark
The leaves are 2-3.5cm long, needle-like but flattened. The upper surface is glossy green, blue-white below. The bark is grey and smooth, splitting into squarish plates as it ages.
Flower, seed and fruit
The small brownish flowers are produced in clusters in late April; the female flowers only appear near the top of the tree. The green cones, which are about 15cm in length, ripen to brown in autumn.
Parks, large gardens, specimen tree. Grown commercially as a long-lasting Christmas tree. The wood is used in buildings and for paper.
Insects shelter in the plates of the bark. Birds like the Siskin and the Crossbill are attracted to the Nordmann Fir for nesting sites and to feed on the insects and cones.
The main reasons for buying protection is to protect the plants against:
When it comes to deciding what protection to choose the golden rule is to choose the product dependent on which pest you are protecting against. The below will help you in deciding what height of protection you will need.
Vole, Mice 20cm
Roe Deer, Muntjac 1.20m
Fallow Deer 1.50m
Pest & Minimum Protection Height
Protection Type Where more than one size is listed, the wider diameter protection is recommended for taller, bushier plants.
Support Required Taller support is recommended for use in sandier, lighter soils and wider/stronger support should be used at exposed sites.