Tilia cordata (Small Leaved Lime)
|Price £ each (ex. VAT)|
Bareroot from November to April
The prices above are offered as a guide and may be subject to fluctuation dependant upon the time of season and supply. We recommend that contact is made with the office for larger orders, a quotation and to check availability Alternatively please contact us to enquire about opening a wholesale account.
One of our most beautiful trees, with an impressive shape, strongly scented flowers and elegant foliage. A British native, the Small Leaved Lime was the predominant tree in English woodlands until the Saxon period, when other trees became more dominant. A much better tree than the more commonly planted non-native Tilia x europaea. Its shape is reminiscent of the English Elm, and it is now more often planted to replace trees lost to Dutch Elm disease.
Site and soil
Any well-drained fertile soil in sun or shade. Especially good on chalky soils and in towns. Avoid exposed windy sites.
Height and spread
After 10 years: 6m x 4m
After 20 years: 12m x 6m
Leaf and bark
The leaves are heart-shaped and smaller than other limes at 8cm long. They are dark green above, blue-green beneath with distinctive tufts of brown hairs in the leaf axils. They turn yellow in autumn. The bark is smooth and grey, developing cracks and flakes as the tree ages.
Flower, seed and fruit
The pale yellow sweetly scented flowers are borne in small clusters in midsummer at the end of a slender stalk. They are followed by the small (1.2cm) elliptic, downy fruits.
Woodland, parks, gardens, avenues, street-side planting, pleached hedges. The very light wood is valued for carving, because it is so easy to work; most of the Grinling Gibbons carvings in St Paul’s Cathedral, Windsor Castle and Chatsworth are in lime wood. The bark has been used to make matting, baskets and fishing nets. The flowers are employed medicinally, and are perhaps best known for making the sedative Lime-flower Tea, also known as Linden Tea.
Bees are attracted to the strongly scented flowers and Lime-flower honey is said to have the best flavour of any. A range of other insects are also to be found on the tree.
Pleached Lime hedges and street trees should be pruned in winter.