Euonymus europaeus (Spindleberry)
|Price £ each (ex. VAT)|
Bareroot from November to April
The prices above are offered as a guide and may be subject to fluctuation dependant upon the time of season and supply. We recommend that contact is made with the office for larger orders, a quotation and to check availability Alternatively please contact us to enquire about opening a wholesale account.
The Spindleberry is a British native, often seen in hedgerows on chalky soil in the south of England. Fast growing, it is an attractive shrub in autumn when the leaves turn bright red and contrast with the strange pink 4-lobed fruits, which split partially open the reveal bright orange seeds. It is best grown in mixed wildlife hedges and on woodland margins, but is also a good garden shrub.
Site and soil
Best on well-drained or chalky soils. Does well in exposed areas and is very hardy.
Height and spread
After 10 years: 6m x 3m
After 20 years 6m x 3m
Leaf and bark
The leaves are lance-shaped with serrated edges, mid green, changing to brilliant red before leaf fall in autumn. The bark is greyish-brown.
Flower, seed and fruit
The tiny greenish-yellow flowers open in small clusters in late spring. They are followed by 4-lobed pinks fruits, which split partially open to reveal the bright orange seeds within. The seeds are poisonous.
Screening, mixed wildlife hedges, specimen shrub. The Spindleberry is host to the beet and bean aphid and should not be planted as a farm hedge where these crops are to be grown. The wood is very hard and was once used for spindles, skewers, pipe stems and artists charcoal. The bark was used medicinally to treat liver disorders.
Numerous insects, including bees and hoverflies are attracted to the flowers. The flowers are pollinated by St Mark's Fly.
Hedges should be trimmed in winter.