Rosa canina (Dog Rose)
|Price £ each (ex. VAT)|
Bareroot from November to April
The prices above are offered as a guide and may be subject to fluctuation dependant upon the time of season and supply. We recommend that contact is made with the office for larger orders, a quotation and to check availability Alternatively please contact us to enquire about opening a wholesale account.
The Dog Rose used to be a familiar sight in country hedgerows, but is now much less common with the destruction of so much farmland hedging. Its pretty pink and white flowers on arching branches and oval scarlet hips have great charm and it has good wildlife value. Fast growing, it is perhaps best used in mixed wildlife hedging and on woodland margins to add colour in summer and autumn.
Site and soil
Any soil, but especially good on chalky land and coastal sites. Full sun.
Height and spread
After 10 years: 1.5m x 1.5m
After 20 years: 1.5m x 1.5m
Leaf and bark
The leaves are pinnate, divided into 5-7 leaflets. The bark is smooth and green, darkening to brown on older wood, and covered with spines.
Flower, seed and fruit
The single five-petalled flowers are usually pale pink with a white centre, but there is much variation in the species with lighter and darker flowers appearing; the centre is filled with yellow stamens. The flowers appear in June and July. The seeds are enclosed within a fleshy oval scarlet fruit, or hip, ripening in autumn.
Wildlife hedges, woodland margins. The hips are a good source of vitamin C and were collected by schoolchildren during WWII to make rose hip syrup. They are also used to make conserves, jams and sauces. The dried leaves have been used to make a tea substitute, and the whole plant has medicinal uses. The roots are used commercially as a rootstock for cultivated roses.
A range of insects are attracted to the flowers. Birds, including redwings and bullfinches feed on the hips, as do small mammals like Bank Voles and wood mice. A number of moth larvae, including the Common Emerald and Vapourer Moth feed on the leaves.
In hedgerows, the Dog Rose can be trimmed in winter. It can also be hard-pruned in early spring if a more dense shrub is required.