Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas Fir)

Douglas Fir

Availability

Bareroot from November to April

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Trees & Hedging

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Non-trade pricing


Price £ each (ex. VAT)
Height Age 1+ 25+ 100+ 500+ 1000+
20-40cm 2+1 0.91 0.59 0.53 0.50 0.45

Trade / wholesale enquiries

Discounted trade / wholesale prices are available upon request.
Please contact the office for a quotation or a trade price list.

Minimum order values
Please note that there is a minimum order value of £50.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for existing customers and £75.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for new customers. Orders under those values can be placed via Trees & Hedging, our online webshop.

Delivery

Delivery to UK mainland is included for stock orders over £750 + VAT (subject to postcode surcharges). For full details on delivery, please view our delivery page.

Description

Introduced from North America by the great plant hunter David Douglas in the 1830’s, the Douglas Fir is the second tallest tree in the world. In the wild it can reach 100m, but its more usual height in cultivation is nearer 50m. It is an impressive, handsome tree with richly scented foliage and is used equally in commercial plantations and as a specimen tree in large parks and gardens.

Site and soil

Prefers a well-drained fertile soil. Does well on acid and neutral soils, but chalk should be avoided. Wind tolerant and can cope with some shade.

Height and spread

After 10 years: 9m x 3m
After 20 years: 17m x 5m

Leaf and bark

The dark green needle-like leaves are densely set on the branches. When crushed, they have a strong fruity scent. The bark is is smooth and grey at first, later becoming deeply fissured and red-brown.

Flower, seed and fruit

The male flowers are yellow, the females yellow-green. They are followed by cones which change from green to yellow, pink then light brown on ripening. They are about 7.5cm long with conspicuous bracts and hang downwards from the branches.

Uses

Ornamental tree, avenues, commercial forestry. The wood is high quality and is used in building, for furniture and flooring. The branches make a lovely scented decoration for the house at Christmas time. The leaves have been used to make a tea, and also a coffee substitute. The resin has been used medicinally and as a chewing gum by Native Americans. The bark yields a dye, has been used to tan leather and as a cork substitute.

Wildlife

The Douglas Fir provides food and shelter for a variety of birds, deer and small mammals. Insects shelter in the bark crevices and birds nest in the branches.

Pruning

The Douglas Fir is not normally pruned.