Larix decidua (European Larch)

European Larch

Availability

Bareroot from November to April

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Non-trade pricing


Price £ each (ex. VAT)
Height Age 1+ 25+ 100+ 500+ 1000+
25-45cm 2+1 0.98 0.64 0.57 0.54 0.49

Trade / wholesale enquiries

Discounted trade / wholesale prices are available upon request.
Please contact the office for a quotation or a trade price list.

Minimum order values
Please note that there is a minimum order value of £50.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for existing customers and £75.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for new customers. Orders under those values can be placed via Trees & Hedging, our online webshop.

Delivery

Delivery to UK mainland is included for stock orders over £750 + VAT (subject to postcode surcharges). For full details on delivery, please view our delivery page.

Description

The European Larch has become something of a fixture in British woodlands since its introduction into the country by John Tradescant in the seventeenth century. Uncommonly, one of the few deciduous conifers, its fast-growing habit, fresh green leaves in spring and lovely autumn colour make it a good choice for planting in a variety of situations. It has good wildlife value too, in spite of the fact that it is native to Europe.

Site and soil

Tolerant of a wide range of soils except those which are waterlogged. Good in exposed sites and tolerant of intense cold. Avoid shady positions.

Height and spread

After 10 years: 8m x 3m
After 20 years: 15m x 4m

Leaf and bark

The needle-like fresh green leaves are borne in tufts on the shoots and open in early spring shortly after the flowers. They are scented and turn golden yellow before leaf fall in autumn. The bark is pinkish-grey, developing vertical cracks and ridges with age.

Flower, seed and fruit

The flowers open in early spring; the males are yellow, the females red. They are followed by green cones about 5cm long, ripening to brownish-red. Old cones often remain on the tree for many years.

Uses

Woodland, specimen tree, commercial plantations, shelter belt, large gardens. The Larch is often used as a nurse tree to shelter slower-growing species like oak and beech. The wood is very strong and durable, more so than any other conifer, and is used in boat-building, mines, fencing, railway sleepers and building. Turpentine was once extracted from the sap, and the bark has medicinal and veterinary uses.

Wildlife

The European Larch attracts a range of birds, including the Siskin, Citril Finch and Lesser Redpoll. The Capercaillie feeds on its shoots and it is the major food source for the Case Bearer moth. Because it is deciduous, and even when in leaf has a light canopy, it allows wild plants to flourish on the woodland floor.

Pruning

The European Larch is not usually pruned.