Populus nigra Betulifolia (Native Black Poplar)

Native Black Poplar


Bareroot from November to April

Pre-order Online »

Trees & Hedging

You can pre-order these plants from our webshop from 1st June, for delivery mid-November onwards.

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Non-trade pricing

Price £ each (ex. VAT)
Height Age 1+ 25+ 100+ 500+ 1000+
0+1 1.38 0.89 0.80 0.76 0.69

Trade / wholesale enquiries

Discounted trade / wholesale prices are available upon request.
Please contact the office for a quotation or a trade price list.

Minimum order values
Please note that there is a minimum order value of £50.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for existing customers and £75.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for new customers. Orders under those values can be placed via Trees & Hedging, our online webshop.


Delivery to UK mainland is included for stock orders over £750 + VAT (subject to postcode surcharges). For full details on delivery, please view our delivery page.


As Britain’s rarest native tree, it is now recognised that the Black Poplar needs immediate positive action to prevent any further decline in numbers. A large, fast-growing, broad-headed tree, it was once common on flood plains and in river valleys, but the destruction of habitat and hybridisation with other species has meant that this ecologically important tree is now seriously endangered.

Site and soil

Deep rich soil in damp river valleys. Full sun or part shade; tolerant of chalky soils.

Height and spread

After 10 years: 10m x 4m
After 20 years: 17m x 9m

Leaf and bark

The leaves are diamond-shaped and 10cm long. They are glossy, opening with a bronze tint in spring, darkening to a glossy dark green before turning yellow in autumn. The bark is very dark brown, almost black, and deeply fissured. The trunk is heavily burred.

Flower, seed and fruit

The flowers are catkins, borne on the tree in mid spring. Male catkins are red, the females green, the females ripening to fluffy seedheads in summer. The Black Poplar is dioecious – male and female flowers are borne on separate trees. When bought in quantity there is a good chance both sexes will be represented.


Woodland, wildlife, specimen tree. Black Poplar timber is very light, but strong, and is shock absorbent and resists heat and splintering well. It has been used to make clogs, matches, toys, artificial limbs, wagons and rifle butts. The bark has been used as a cork substitute for floats; in times of famine, the inner bark was dried and ground as flour. The young shoots can be treated to produce a hormone rooting aid for cuttings.


Over 20 species of moth feed on the leaves of the Black Poplar, including the Poplar Hawk Moth and the Bordered Beauty. Studies are being carried out on its potential importance in flood management.


The Black Poplar is not usually pruned, but broken branches should be tidied back to a clean cut as soon as possible.