Betula pubescens (Downy Birch)

Downy Birch

Availability

Bareroot from November to April

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Trees & Hedging

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Non-trade pricing


Price £ each (ex. VAT)
Height Age 1+ 25+ 100+ 500+ 1000+
40-60cm 1+0 0.51 0.31 0.27 0.26 0.23
40-60cm 1+1 0.84 0.54 0.48 0.46 0.42
60-80cm 1+0 0.67 0.40 0.35 0.33 0.30
60-80cm 1+1 0.95 0.61 0.55 0.52 0.47
80-100cm 1+1 1.09 0.71 0.63 0.60 0.55

Trade / wholesale enquiries

Discounted trade / wholesale prices are available upon request.
Please contact the office for a quotation or a trade price list.

Minimum order values
Please note that there is a minimum order value of £50.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for existing customers and £75.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for new customers. Orders under those values can be placed via Trees & Hedging, our online webshop.

Delivery

Delivery to UK mainland is included for stock orders over £750 + VAT (subject to postcode surcharges). For full details on delivery, please view our delivery page.

Description

A narrow, conical tree with more upright, ascending branches than the pendulous Silver Birch. It has downy young shoots, which are most pronounced on younger trees, and sharply toothed leaves which are also downy on the underside. The grey-white bark has horizontal lines and peels into papery layers. This fast-growing British native is often planted to protect other young trees and is very hardy, its natural range extending to Greenland and Iceland.

Site and soil

Tolerant of a wide range of soils, the Downy Birch will do well even on boggy, waterlogged sites. It is very hardy, with a range extending into the Arctic, and copes well with exposed situations.

Height and spread

After 10 years: 6m x 3m
After 20 years: 9m x 4m

Leaf and bark

The diamond-shaped, sharply toothed leaves have a rough upper surface when young, with down on the veins of the underside of the leaf and on the leaf-stalks. The leaves turn yellow in autumn. The bark is greyish-white and peeling, with horizontal lines and dark branch scars.

Flower, seed and fruit

The catkins open along with the leaves in April, the males 3cm long, females smaller. The inconspicuous seed is dispersed by the wind.

Uses

The Downy Birch is used in woodland planting, and as a shelter belt for young trees in exposed situations, Useful for exposed, wet areas where little else will grow. The bark has been used for roofing in Scandinavia, and for tanning leather. The wood is used for wood pulp and plywood.

Wildlife

Pollen for early insects, shelter for birds in exposed sites.

Pruning

The Downy Birch is not usually pruned, but may be shaped by the wind in exposed areas.