Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut)

Horse Chestnut

Availability

Bareroot from November to April

Pre-order Online »

Trees & Hedging

TreesandHedging.co.uk
You can pre-order these plants from our webshop from 1st June, for delivery mid-November onwards.

We recommend

Rootgrow (Mycorrhizal Fungi)

Rootgrow
Boost growth & increase survival rates

Non-trade pricing


Price £ each (ex. VAT)
Height Age 1+ 25+ 100+ 500+ 1000+
40-60cm 1u1 0.91 0.59 0.53 0.50 0.45

Trade / wholesale enquiries

Discounted trade / wholesale prices are available upon request.
Please contact the office for a quotation or a trade price list.

Minimum order values
Please note that there is a minimum order value of £50.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for existing customers and £75.00 + VAT, excluding delivery, for new customers. Orders under those values can be placed via Trees & Hedging, our online webshop.

Delivery

Delivery to UK mainland is included for stock orders over £750 + VAT (subject to postcode surcharges). For full details on delivery, please view our delivery page.

Description

Native to S.E Europe, the Horse Chestnut was introduced into Britain in the 1750’s and makes a large, stately tree, with a beautiful, rather distinctive shape. The branches sweep downwards, then curve upwards like the branches of a candelabra. It is probably the most easily recognised tree by the general public, particularly when it is in flower. The huge cones of white flowers are held upright on the branches and are a spectacular sight in April and May when the tree appears to be covered with white ‘candles’.

Site and soil

Prefers a deep, rich soil, but will do well in any but the driest of soils.

Height and spread

After 10 years: 8m x 4m
After 20 years: 11m x 8m

Leaf and bark

The very large palmate leaves are divided into 5 or 7 leaflets, each with prominent veins, and a rough texture. The leaf buds are prominent over winter, very fat and sticky, and the Horse Chestnut is one of the first trees into leaf. The bark is light to dark brownish-grey, developing scaly ridges with age.

Flower, seed and fruit

The small white flowers have yellow, later pink, markings and are borne in large upright clusters up to 30cm tall in April and May. They are followed by the spiky green fruits, which split open to reveal the shiny brown conkers, or seeds.

Uses

Parkland, avenues, woodland, specimen tree. The bark has been used to make a yellow dye, and the bark and the fruits to make a preparation for the treatment of varicose veins. The conkers can be ground up to make fodder for cattle and horses; they are also used for the familiar children's game.

Wildlife

Bumble bees pollinate the flowers in late spring. Squirrels and other small mammals eat the conkers in autumn and winter.

Pruning

Horse Chestnut is not usually pruned, but any badly placed branches should be cut back over winter when the tree is dormant.